Which is more predictive ovarian sensitivity marker if there is discordance between serum anti-Mullerian hormone levels and antral follicle count? A retrospective analysis

Aslan K., Kasapoglu I., Cakir C., Koc M., Celenk M. D., Ata B., ...More

JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, vol.42, no.5, pp.1461-1466, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01443615.2021.2003309
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1461-1466
  • Keywords: Anti-Mullerian hormone, antral follicle count, ovarian sensitivity, infertility, in vitro fertilisation, follicle to oocyte index, follicle output rate, IN-VITRO FERTILIZATION, OUTPUT RATE FORT, STIMULATING-HORMONE, ANTAGONIST PROTOCOL, INFERTILE WOMEN, IVF/ICSI, DETERMINES, PREGNANCY, CYCLES, AGE
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


This retrospective study aims to determine the more predictive ovarian reserve marker when there is discordance between anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and antral follicle count (AFC) in patients with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR). Patients who underwent ICSI because of DOR were divided into three groups. Group 1: patients with low AMH (<1.1 ng/ml) and AFC (n < 7), group 2: patients with low AMH (<1.1 ng/ml) and normal AFC (n >= 7) and group 3: patients with normal AMH (>= 1.1 ng/dl) and low AFC (n < 7). Demographic values, follicle output rate (FORT) score and follicle to oocyte index (FOI) score of the groups were compared. Totally, 662 cycles were enrolled in the study. There were 418 cycles in group 1, 167 cycles in group 2 and 77 cycles in group 3. As the primary result, FORT and FOI scores were higher in group 3 than the other two groups. Median FORT Score with quartiles: group 1: 100 (66-150), group 2: 71 (57-100), group 3: 136 (96-200), p<.01 - median FOI score with quartiles: group 1: 83 (50-140), group 2: 71 (40-100), group 3: 116 (66-216), p<.01. In conclusion, serum AMH level has more predictive value for stimulation success if there is discordance with AFC.Impact Statement What is already known on this subject? Female age, serum Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) levels, and antral follicle count (AFC) are commonly used to assess ovarian reserve and predict response to ovarian stimulation. AMH and AFC are both positively correlated with ovarian reserve. What do the results of this study add? If there is discordance between AFC and AMH in patients with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), the ovarian response is better in patients with high AMH and low AFC than the patients with low AMH and high AFC. What are the implications of these findings for clinical practice and/or further research? It is important to assess both AFC and AMH before controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, to predict ovarian response in DOR patients, rather than assessing AFC or AMH alone.