ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF CHILDBIRTH EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN THE WORLD AND IN OUR COUNTRY


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Buran G.

7th INTERNATIONAL ZEUGMA CONFERENCE ON SCIENTIFIC RESEARCHES January 21-23, 2022 Gaziantep, Turkey, Gaziantep, Turkey, 21 January 2022, vol.2, pp.150-154

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 2
  • City: Gaziantep
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.150-154

Abstract

Abstract

Childbirth education programs aim to maintain a healthy pregnancy and give birth in a healthy way and are
training programs that support vaginal births and natural births. This training not only serves to reduce pain
and fear of childbirth, and increase birth satisfaction but also meets the professional support and training needs
of pregnant women. The pregnant education role of the health professional is an effective factor that shapes
the birth experience of pregnant women. For this purpose, health professionals such as nurses and midwives in
the world and in our country are actively involved in the execution of pregnant training programs in which
different methods are applied. Antenatal care models in Turkey and in the world are generally carried out
in groups or individually. However, the models differ in terms of the length of each session, the number of
women in each group, and whether spouses are invited to the training. Birth preparation courses, which
started in the 1930s in the world, continue to be given free of charge in public health institutions in our


a country with the 2014 Pregnancy Information Circular in Turkey. In 2018, the Ministry of Health
standardized the names of these private and public training, the qualifications of the health personnel to
be employed, the materials to be used in the training, and the training programs with the Pregnant School,
Pregnant Information Class, Childbirth Education, and Counseling Centers Circular.
In addition to the Childbirth education offered physically in the world, web-based training is also carried
out. Through websites, women can access up-to-date information about pregnancy. However, in cases
where this information cannot be legally audited, the accuracy and reliability of the information provided
may be uncertain. When the results of face-to-face pregnant training in our country are examined; There
are study results that state that there is or is not a statistically significant relationship between the rates of
vaginal delivery of women who received birth preparation training, their status of receiving birth education,
and planned delivery and actual delivery. In addition, results were obtained that the birth preparation class
reduced or did not reduce optional cesarean sections. This review, it is aimed to discuss the advantages and
disadvantages of childbirth education in light of recent studies conducted in the world and in our country.
Keywords: Antenatal care, Childbirth education programs, Childbirth education models