Evaluation of Cryopreserved Ram Sperm with Nano-Ozone Solution and Post-Thaw Life Span by Flow Cytometric Analysis

TOKER M. B., Sabanci A. U., AVCI G., Aktar A., DENK B., Bari O., ...More

BIOPRESERVATION AND BIOBANKING, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/bio.2023.0073
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Ozone has been used as a therapy tool in medical science for conditions such as ulcers, peritonitis, wounds, and mostly joint problems. Ozone therapy strengthens the resistance to infections by kick-starting antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune modulation systems. Ozone creates a defensive response against oxidative stress in membranes and protects metabolism against reactive oxygen species (ROS). Sperm membranes are one of ROS's main targets; therefore, the cells' cryopreservation process requires more defensive elements for better results. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of nano-ozone solution (NOS) on ram sperm cryopreservation and the influence of the process on various sperm parameters for post-thaw (0 hour) and postincubation (6 hours) time points. Samples were collected from six Merino rams in the breeding season by electroejaculation five times at 3-day intervals. The study was conducted by cryopreservation of the samples using a tris citric acid-egg yolk-based extender. The samples were subjected to freezing in control and NOS (0.5, 1, and 2 mu g/mL nano-ozone supplemented). Post-thaw motility, hypo-osmotic swelling test, acrosome (fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated Pisum sativum agglutinin [PSA-FITC]), and DNA integrities (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling [TUNEL]) were evaluated with a phase-contrast microscope. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) assessments were conducted by JC1-PI dual staining with a flow cytometer. Malondialdehyde and glutathione (GSH) levels were measured by a spectrophotometer. Sperm kinematics were investigated by a computer-assisted sperm analyzer (CASA) at the post-thaw time point. Compared with the control, relatively low doses of NOS (0.5 and 1 mu g/mL) yielded better results in many parameters (motility, membrane and acrosomal integrities, MMP, various sperm kinematics, and GSH levels) (p < 0.05). The addition of low ozone doses to cryopreservation extenders improved the results compared with the control group at post-thaw and postincubation time points. Despite the valuable potential of nano-ozone supplementation in ram sperm cryopreservation, this subject requires further investigations with fertility trials soon.