The Application of Attribution Theory in Understanding Women Workers' Perception of Occupational Health and Safety in the Metal Industry: A Focus Group Investigation

Aytac S., AKALP H. G.

IZA Journal of Labor Policy, vol.14, no.1, pp.110-122, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.62693/489zdo53
  • Journal Name: IZA Journal of Labor Policy
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, ABI/INFORM, EconLit, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.110-122
  • Keywords: Attribution theories, Metal Industry, Occupational Health and Safety, Psychosocial Risks, Women Workers
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


With the advent of the industrial revolution, women have become integral participants in the workforce, facing occupational risks similar to men. However, due to societal gender roles, women often encounter heightened psychosocial risk factors in the workplace, impacting both their attitudes towards work and societal roles. This study explores women workers' awareness of psychosocial risk factors within the Turkish metal industry. Employing attribution theories from social psychology, the study investigates negative attitudes towards occupational health and safety practices. Utilizing qualitative methods, data was gathered through focus group discussions with 155 female members of the Turkish Metal Union in Bursa, Turkey. The study evaluates factors such as job satisfaction, job stress, wellness, and relationships with coworkers and managers. Findings suggest that work stress and communication issues are significant psychosocial risk factors contributing to job dissatisfaction.