TEKSTIL VE KONFEKSIYON, vol.23, no.2, pp.152-158, 2013 (SCI-Expanded)
This study focuses on investigating effect of modified N-metiloldihidroksietilen üre (DMDHEU) and softener type (fatty acid, macro and micro polysiloxane, wax, and polyethylene) on properties of cotton fabric. The ether linkages between hydroxyl groups of DMDHEU and cellulose were confirmed by appearance of corresponding absorbance at 1730 and 1250 cm−1 in the FTIR spectrum after finishing. Both resins and softeners had extremely low formaldehyde release according to Oeko-Tex 100 standard. It is found that various softener types have significant effect on color evaluation and breaking strength of fabrics and the difference in electrical charge of same type softener is also an important parameter; hence such an investigation should be made to choose the suitable softener type for industrial applications. It is concluded that the softeners based on non-ionic wax and non-ionic polyethylene are the most suitable for softening application on cotton woven fabrics when considering the properties we examined.