The Prevalence of Pediculus Capitis and Personal Hygiene Status in TwoVocational High Schools

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Özdemir A., Ünal E., Çeki L.

International Journal of Caring Sciences, vol.12, no.2, pp.658-665, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Caring Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Art Index
  • Page Numbers: pp.658-665
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Abstract Aim: Pediculus capitis (P. capitis) is a prevalent contagious parasitosis disease worldwide. It is a serious public health problem because of its high prevalence in school-age children. This study was planned to determine the prevalence of P. capitis and the personal hygiene status of the students in different vocational high schools. Methods: The data were collected from 491 high school students using a Personal Hygiene Questionnaire between September-December 2018 and by the screening of P. capitis. Results: P. capitis was detected in 51.9% of the cases. The prevalence of pediculosis was higher in the female children (236/491) than that in the male children (19/491). This difference was found to be significant according to gender (p<0.001). There was a statistically significant difference between the schools in terms of pediculosis prevalence according to the status of washing hands before meals and cutting nails (p<0.05). There was a significant difference between the children's P. capitis positivity according to their level of knowledge about P. capitis (p<0.05). Conclusion: P.capitis remains a prevalent endemic problem in school-age children in Turkey. Providing education in schools, raising awareness of parents and ensuring cooperation will contribute to the decrease of P. capitis endemics. Keywords: Pediculus capitis, school-age child, prevalence, personal hygiene