Investigation on the Effect of Projection Types on Stud Weld Strength by Taguchi Method

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Kir H., Yazar M., Talas S.



In this study, the effect of different weld projections on the mechanical properties of stud welds was analyzed using the Taguchi experiment planning method, using a projection welding machine with a capacity of 100 kVA with MFDC transformer. The samples were subjected to the tensile rupture force test with a destructive test device. The aim of this study was to ensure product safety by capturing the spot-welding quality, which is determined by the specifications of the automotive main industry, using a bolt with a lower weight. In this study, 1.5 mm WSS-M1A365-A11 uncoated steel sheet and 8.8 quality M6x1.00x25 triple projection uncoated welding bolts and 8.8 quality M6x1.00x18.5 ring shaped weld bolts were used as stud welding bolts. Different welding times, different welding currents and different welding clamping forces were used on the WSS-M1A365-A11 steel sheet samples in the stud welding operation with bolts. Taguchi analysis showed that ring shaped stud weld bolts required welding parameters of 32 ms welding time, 27 kA welding current and 500 daN welding force, while triple projection stud welding was found to perform the best optimum weld with 23 ms welding time, 18 kA welding current and 350 daN force.