Fluid flow and heat transfer in transitional boundary layers: effects of surface curvature and free stream velocity

Umur H., Ozalp A. A.

HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, vol.43, no.1, pp.7-15, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00231-005-0080-8
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.7-15
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Velocity and wall temperature measurements, over flat plate, concave and convex walls, were experimentally investigated in a low-speed wind tunnel with inlet velocities of 4 and 12 m/s encompassing the transitional region with streamwise distance Reynolds numbers from 3.15x10(5) to 1.04x10(6). As the velocity profiles, recorded by a semi-circular pitot tube and a digital constant-temperature hot-wire anemometer, were compared to exact Blasius profile and (1/7)th power law, experimental local Stanton numbers to analytical flat plate solution and turbulent correlation formula. Intermittency factors, derived from velocities and local Stanton numbers, were presented both in streamwise and pitchwise directions. It was found that the convex curvature delayed transition up to Re (x) =1.04x10(6), with a mean intermittency value of 0.61 and a shape factor of 1.81, where the similar intermittency and shape factors were determined at Re (x) of 8.33x10(5) and 4.25x10(5) for the flat plate and concave wall, indicating the enhancing role of concave curvature on the transition mechanism. The thinner boundary layers of the concave surface resulted in higher intermittency values, corresponding to higher skin friction and Stanton numbers; moreover the lowest gap between the measured and derived Stanton numbers were also obtained over the concave surface. Destabilising role of the concave wall caused Stanton numbers to increase up to 22%, whereas the convex wall, due to its stabilising character, produced lower Stanton numbers by 12% with respect to those of the flat plate.