Filamentous Thermosensitive Mutant Z: An Appealing Target for Emerging Pathogens and a Trek on Its Natural Inhibitors


Creative Commons License

Gurnani M., Chauhan A., Ranjan A., Tuli H. S. , Alkhanani M. F. , Haque S., ...More

BIOLOGY-BASEL, vol.11, no.5, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/biology11050624
  • Title of Journal : BIOLOGY-BASEL
  • Keywords: antimicrobials, cytokinesis, divisome, drug discovery, MRSA, VRE, Fts-Z assembly, microtubules, cell division, anti-bacterial drugs, BACTERIAL-CELL DIVISION, EXTENSIVELY DRUG-RESISTANT, SMALL-MOLECULE INHIBITORS, BACILLUS-SUBTILIS, PROTEIN FTSZ, ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE, VANILLIN DERIVATIVES, COMBINATION THERAPY, RING, CYTOKINESIS

Abstract

Simple Summary Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a pressing issue worldwide that must be addressed swiftly. It is driven by spontaneous evolution, bacterial mutation, and the dissemination of resistant genes via horizontal gene transfer. Researchers are working on many novel targets, which can become a pathway to inhibit harmful bacteria. Filamentous Thermosensitive mutant-Z (Fts-Z) is one such bacterial target that has gained popularity amongst scientists due to its conserved nature in bacteria and absence in eukaryotes. The aim of this work was to review the Fts-Z mechanism of action along with current studies on natural inhibitors for Fts-Z. Antibiotic resistance is a major emerging issue in the health care sector, as highlighted by the WHO. Filamentous Thermosensitive mutant Z (Fts-Z) is gaining significant attention in the scientific community as a potential anti-bacterial target for fighting antibiotic resistance among several pathogenic bacteria. The Fts-Z plays a key role in bacterial cell division by allowing Z ring formation. Several in vitro and in silico experiments have demonstrated that inhibition of Fts-Z can lead to filamentous growth of the cells, and finally, cell death occurs. Many natural compounds that have successfully inhibited Fts-Z are also studied. This review article intended to highlight the structural-functional aspect of Fts-Z that leads to Z-ring formation and its contribution to the biochemistry and physiology of cells. The current trend of natural inhibitors of Fts-Z protein is also covered.