Superposed flow between two discs contrarotating at differential speeds


Gan X., Kilic M., Owen J.

International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, vol.15, pp.438-446, 1994 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15
  • Publication Date: 1994
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/0142-727x(94)90002-7
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.438-446

Abstract

This paper describes a combined computational and experimental study of the flow between two contrarotating discs for -1 ≤ Γ ≤ 0 (where Γ is the ratio of the speed of the slower disc to that of the faster one) for the case where there is a superposed radial outflow of air. The computations were conducted using an elliptic solver and a low-Reynolds-number k-ε{lunate} turbulence model, and velocity measurements were made using a laser-Doppler anenometry system. Two basic flow structures can occur: Batchelor-type flow, where there are separate boundary layers on each disc with a rotating core of fluid between, and Stewartson-type flow, where there is virtually no core rotation. The main effect of a superposed flow is to reduce the core rotation and to promote the transition from Batchelor-type flow to Stewartson-type flow. For most of the results, there is good agreement between the computed and measured velocities. Computed moment coefficients show that, for Γ = -1, superposed flow has little effect on Cm: an accepted correlation of Cm for a free disc should provide a useful estimate for design purposes. © 1994.