School Principals’ Self-Perceptions of Their Roles and Responsibilities in Six Countries

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Chan T. C., Jiang B., Chandler M., Morris R., Rebisz S., Turan S., ...More

New Waves Educational Research Development, vol.22, no.2, pp.37-61, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Journal Name: New Waves Educational Research Development
  • Journal Indexes: ERIC (Education Resources Information Center)
  • Page Numbers: pp.37-61
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study is to examine if school principals’ roles and responsibilities in China, Ghana, Hungary, Turkey, Poland and the United States are significantly different from one another. This study adopts a survey design which provides a quantitative or qualitative description of trends, attitudes, or opinions of a population by studying a sample of that population. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected from school principals in these six countries by using a researcher designed survey questionnaire. The quantitative data derived from principals’ responses were analyzed by country and by total average according to the subsets of character, professional knowledge, professional skill, administrative style, administrative duties, personnel management, and student affairs management. The principals’ roles and responsibilities of the six countries were compared by using Multivariate Analysis of Variance. Answers to the three openended questions provide qualitative data for analysis. Emerging themes and patterns were observed among the principals’ responses. Results of data analysis show that principals of the six countries confront many similar problems in their daily school functions. The unique political infrastructures of their locations determine how they address these problems to meet the individual demands of their own societies. Understanding of common challenges and emerging roles of principals in changing social and political settings provide educational leaders of these countries the opportunities to share their unique experiences and success stories.