Biostimulating Effects of Disintegrated Waste Activated Sludge on Soil Enzyme Activities

Topaç F. O., Etyam C.

KSCE JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, vol.25, no.7, pp.2360-2368, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12205-021-1499-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.2360-2368
  • Keywords: Hydrodynamic cavitation, Sludge disintegration, Soil amendment, Soil enzyme activities, Wastewater sludge
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Sludge disintegration methods are used in a variety of applications to enhance sludge characteristics or bring about a reduction in solid content of sludge. Hydrodynamic cavitation is one of the mechanical disintegration methods used on waste-activated sludge, and its efficiency has been investigated in recent years. In this study, the possible use of waste-activated sludge disintegrated by hydrodynamic cavitation and chemically assisted hydrodynamic cavitation as a soil amendment was evaluated by an incubation procedure. Possible biostimulating effects were assessed by monitoring the variations in soil enzyme activities. The obtained results indicated that sludge solubilization was effectively performed with respect to soluble chemical oxygen demand, soluble total Kjeldahl nitrogen and soluble total phosphorus. According to the incubation study, the biostimulating/bioremediating properties of waste-activated sludge were significantly improved by the applied methods. Especially after a 60-day incubation period, the levels of urease, alkaline phosphatase, beta-glucosidase and dehydrogenase activities in soils applied with a high dose of disintegrated sludge were significantly higher than the levels in raw sludge-amended soils. Consequently, it is thought that mechanically and chemically disintegrated waste-activated sludge with reduced numbers of indicator bacteria can be considered as a way of soil amendment to rehabilitate the quality of environmentally stressed soils.