Investigation of the effect of anticoagulant usage in the flow diverter stent treatment of the patient-specific cerebral aneurysm using the Lagrangian coherent structures


Tercanli M. F. , Olcay A. B. , Mutlu O., Bilgin C., HAKYEMEZ B.

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE, vol.94, pp.86-93, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 94
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jocn.2021.10.007
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.86-93
  • Keywords: Anticoagulants, Warfarin, Flow diverter, Computational fluid dynamics, Lagrangian coherent structures, ANTITHROMBOTIC THERAPY, CHEST GUIDELINE, ARTERIES, HEALTHY, TIME

Abstract

Anticoagulants are prescribed to the flow diverter treated patients to diminish the risk of embolism in the arteries. In the present study, digital subtraction angiography images of a 49-year-old female patient with a left paraophthalmic aneurysm were used to build a numerical model to investigate the effect of an anticoagulant on hemodynamics at the aneurysm site. The Carreau-Yasuda viscosity model was utilized to define blood viscosity, and the coefficients of the viscosity model were updated based on the usage of warfarin. The five-cardiac cycle-long numerical simulations were performed, and Lagrangian coherent structures, hyperbolic time, and fluid particle analyses were also employed in the numerical models. These analyses allowed us to evaluate the formation of stagnated regions, recirculation zones, and the number of jailed particles inside the aneurysm sac following a flow diverter placement. It is realized that anticoagulant use caused blood to be less viscous, yielding a substantial amount of incoming blood flow to enter the aneurysm sac. Only 12% of the nearly 25,000 fluid particles seeded from the artery inlet have stayed inside the sac. Furthermore, the deviation between warfarin added blood and normal blood flow becomes more extensive, with every heartbeat undermining the effectiveness of patient-specific CFD models when the use of anticoagulants is overlooked in the viscosity models. (c) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.