Angelica sylvestris and Delphinium staphisagria Extracts Induces Antiproliferation through Caspasemediated Apoptosis on Human Cancer Cells

Akgun O., Akgun H., Sahin C., Celikler S., Ari F.

BRAZILIAN ARCHIVES OF BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.65, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 65
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/1678-4324-2022210065
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Animal Behavior Abstracts, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: Angelica sylvestris, Delphinium staphisagria, cancer cells, cell death, apoptosis, NATURAL-PRODUCTS
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Angelica sylvestris and Delphinium staphisagria are medicinal and aromatic herbs with a long history in medicine and food industry. In this study, we have investigated anti-cancer activity of Angelica sylvestris and Delphinium staphisagria extracts on various cell lines of lung (A549), breast (MCF-7), colon (HT-29), and cervix (HeLa) origin. Also, cytotoxicity was tested on human healthy bronchial epithelial (BEAS-2B) cells. In vitro experiments showed that plant extracts suppressed cell growth and proliferation at low concentrations by reducing cell viability on cancer cells in a time and concentration-dependent manner. It was observed that Angelica sylvestris was more effective in HT-29 and HeLa cells and Delphinium staphisagria in A549 and MCF-7 cells by suppressing cell proliferation and increasing cell death. Cell death mode (apoptosis/necrosis) was investigated via fluorescent imaging, caspase-cleaved cytokeratin 18, activated caspase-3, and cleaved-PARP (poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase). In order to evaluate the cell death mode by plant extracts apoptotic markers were investigated by fluorescence staining. Delphinium staphisagria extract (50-200 mu g/mL) caused a decrease in cell density in A549 and MCF-7 cells compared to untreated controls. A similar situation was observed in HT-29 and HeLa cell lines when treated with ASE. As a result, Delphinium staphisagria extracts induced apoptosis in A549 and MCF-7, while Angelica sylvestris extracts induced apoptosis in HT-29 and HeLa cancer cells.