Real-Time Internet of Medical Things Framework for Early Detection of COVID-19

Yıldırım E., Cicioğlu M., Çalhan A.

NEURAL COMPUTING AND APPLICATIONS, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-26, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Applied Science & Technology Source, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Index Islamicus, INSPEC, zbMATH
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-26
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


The Covid-19 pandemic is a deadly epidemic and continues to affect all world. This situation dragged the countries into a global crisis and caused the collapse of some health systems. Therefore, many technologies are needed to slow down the spread of the Covid-19 epidemic and produce solutions. In this context, some developments have been made with artificial intelligence, machine learning and deep learning support systems in order to alleviate the burden on the health system. In this study, a new Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) framework is proposed for the detection and early prevention of Covid-19 infection. In the proposed IoMT framework, a Covid-19 scenario consisting of various numbers of sensors is created in the Riverbed Modeler simulation software. The health data produced in this scenario is analyzed in real-time with Apache Spark technology and disease prediction is made. In order to provide more accurate results for Covid-19 disease prediction, Random Forest (RF) and Gradient Boosted Tree (GBT) Ensemble Learning classifiers, which are formed by Decision Tree (DT) classifiers, are compared for the performance evaluation. In addition, throughput, end-to-end delay results and Apache Spark data processing performance of heterogeneous nodes with different priorities are analyzed in the Covid-19 scenario. The MongoDB NoSQL database is used in the IoMT framework to store big health data produced in real-time and use it in subsequent processes. The proposed IoMT framework experimental results show that the GBTs classifier has the best performance with 95.70% training, 95.30% test accuracy and 0.970 Area Under the Curve (AUC) values. Moreover, the promising real-time performances of wireless body area network (WBAN) simulation scenario and Apache Spark show that they can be used for the early detection of Covid-19 disease.