Assessment of oral manifestations in pediatric patients with celiac disease in relation to marsh types


Medicina Oral Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal, vol.28, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4317/medoral.25490
  • Journal Name: Medicina Oral Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, DIALNET
  • Keywords: Celiac disease, molar incisor hypomineralization, oral ulcer, dental caries, saliva, DENTAL ENAMEL DEFECTS, MOLAR-INCISOR HYPOMINERALIZATION, HEALTH STATUS, CHILDREN, CARIES, ASSOCIATION, PREVALENCE, DIAGNOSIS, MIH
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


© Medicina Oral S. L.experience, and oral hygiene status, and to measure salivary flow rate, salivary buffer capacity, and salivary car-iogenic microflora with Marsh types. Material and Methods: A single-blind, prospective clinical study with 62 pediatric patients diagnosed with celiac disease with 64 controls. Clinical identification of molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) was followed according to the European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry criteria. DMFS and dfs index were used for the caries experience of each child. The clinical diagnosis of RAU was present or not. Oral hygiene was surveyed by recording the OHI-S and the CRT® Bacteria and Buffer Test was used to examine the cariogenic microflora of each child. Results: The prevalence of MIH was 61% and the number of recurrent aphthous ulcers were significantly higher in children with celiac disease. There was no statistically significant difference in the CD group, when DMFS, dfs, and MIH parameters were investigated according to dietary compliance. Higher dietary compliance resulted in better oral hygiene status. There was an inverse relationship between the duration of celiac diagnosis and the presence of MIH. A positive relation was found between the duration of the disease and the severity of MIH. In addition to the higher S. mutans counts, the salivary flow rate was very low in children with celiac disease, indicat-ing a positive correlation between poor dietary compliance and poorer oral hygiene. Conclusions: In children, enamel defects and recurrent mucosal lesions may be a sign of celiac disease. Higher numbers of dental caries in permanent teeth of children with celiac disease may be related to Marsh 2 type. The pediatricians and/or pediatric gastroenterologists should refer the chin with celiac disease to the pediatric dentist for the accurate treatment of intraoral manifestations of the disease itself.