Due to overlapping jurisdictional boundaries between the city municipality and township municipalities, Antakya resembles metropolises, however its administrative and regulatory framework are not similar; this particular situation creates a serious difficulty in solving especially transportation related problems. It results in conflicts within jurisdictions between the city and township municipalities particularly on taking actions against those problems. This, moreover, creates problems and hurdles in achieving sustainable development for the city. Especially the increasing use of private cars has, recently, put burdens on non-adequate transport infrastructure and aggravated the existing problems. The increasing congestion, accidents, and environmental and social problems call for necessary decisive actions and policies. However, in order to achieve success in the actions and policies, re-organization of the administrative structure of the transport policymaking is evident. In this paper, the attention is drawn to possible changes in the organization structure considering the objectives set out clearly in 5-year development programs of Turkey as well as experiences observed in developing and developed countries.