Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common neonatal endocrine disorder and 2% of cases have a familial origin. Our aim in this study was to determine the genetic alterations in two siblings with CH coming from a consanguineous family. As CH is often inherited in an autosomal recessive manner in consanguineous/multi case-families, we first performed genetic linkage studies to all known causative CH loci followed by conventional sequencing of the linked gene. The family showed potential linkage to the TSHR locus and our attempts to amplify and sequence exon 2 of the TSHR gene continuously failed. Subsequent RT-PCR analysis using mRNA and corresponding cDNA showed a large deletion including the exon 2 of the gene. The deletion was homozygous in affected cases whilst heterozygous in carrier parents. Here we conclude that CH in both siblings of this study originates from a large deletion including the exon 2 of the TSHR gene. This study demonstrates that full sequence analysis in a candidate CH gene might not always be enough to detect genetic alterations, and additional analyses such as RT-PCR and MLPA might be necessary to describe putative genetic causes of the disease in some cases. It also underlines the importance of detailed molecular genetic studies in the definitive diagnosis and classification of CH.