The Effect of Oxygen Plasma Treatment on Wrinkle Resistance of Cellulose Acetate Based Fabric

EYÜPOĞLU Ş., Karabulut C., Gul S. E., Esener A. T., Yilmaz F., Ahrari M., ...More

JOURNAL OF NATURAL FIBERS, vol.19, no.17, pp.15653-15662, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 17
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15440478.2022.2131686
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.15653-15662
  • Keywords: Cellulose acetate, wrinkle-resistance resin, tensile strength, plasma pre-treatment, FIBER, FTIR
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, cellulose acetate-based fabrics were subjected to a resin-based wrinkle-resistant treatment. The fabric samples were treated with oxygen plasma for 1 and 5 minutes with a power of 100W prior the wrinkle-resistance finishing to enhance wrinkle resistance. The surface morphology and functional groups of samples were analyzed with scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, respectively. The angle of wrinkle-resistance and tensile strength of samples were investigated in accordance with resin type and plasma treatment. Scanning electron microscope micrographs reveal that plasma treatment generates microscopic grooves and micro-cracks on the sample surfaces, resulting in an etching effect. Furthermore, the samples have been successfully treated with resin-based wrinkle-resistant finishing. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy show that no significant alterations in functional groups formed in the acetate fibers posterior to plasma treatment. The wrinkle-resistance angle of cellulose acetate cloth pre-treated with oxygen plasma and wrinkleresistance resin was significantly improved, according to the results. The high wrinkle resistance result was obtained for warp direction 113.5 +/- 3.5 and weft direction 102 +/- 3. Furthermore, the wrinkle resistance data were investigated using MATLAB R2020b to predict one-way ANOVA with the main factor, plasma treatment, and the interaction impact was extremely significant (P < .05). The ANOVA results resemble that plasma treatment has an influence on sample wrinkle resistance. Furthermore, with plasma treatment, sample tensile strength increases from 525.15 N to 530.76 N, but with wrinkle-resistance resin, it decreases. Consequently, plasma pre-treatment and wrinkle-resistance resin are anticipated to suit both the needs of eco-friendly and high-quality finishing methods for textile materials.