LOCAL GOVERNANCE AS A TOOL FOR CITY COUNCIL IN TURKEY


KARAKURT TOSUN E.

38th International Scientific Conference on Economic and Social Development, Rabat, Malta, 21 - 22 March 2019, pp.505-511 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • City: Rabat
  • Country: Malta
  • Page Numbers: pp.505-511

Abstract

The city councils that entered the Turkish Local Governments Act with the Municipal Law Number 5393 dated 2005 is defined as the "partnership model" that carries the cities to the sustainable future in the integrity of the principles of "claiming ownership of the city", "active participation", and partnership in the solution". It provides the generalization of the democratic participation at the local level, the development of citizenship consciousness, the adoption of multi-actor and multi-partner management style. The general function of the city councils of structures and the working methods differ from one city to another is enabling a common mind embracing the entire city by bringing together the "all sharers" in the city. The Municipal Law Number 5393 dated 2005 has brought the "city councils" application with the Article 76 in order to enable the non-governmental organizations, the professional associations and other in the decisions and implementations in accordance with the governance approach. In accordance with this law The City Councils Regulation has entered in to force which was published in 2006 and amended in 2009. Thus, the city councils model became an obligation for the municipalities in Turkey. But today, in many of the cities either the city councils have not been established or have been unable to effectively fulfill the tasks specified in the Article 76 of the Municipal Law and City Council Regulation. In the Article 4 of the City Councils Regulation the city council is defined as: governance mechanisms with democratic structures where the central government, the local government, professional organizations in the nature of public institutions, and the civil society meet with the understanding of partnership, within the framework of citizenship law; where development priorities, problems visions of the city are determined, discussed, solutions developed on the basis of sustainable development principles, and where common mind and compromise is essential.