An investigation on the use of tincal ore waste, fly ash, and coal bottom ash as Portland cement replacement materials

Kula I., Olgun A., Sevinc V., Erdogan Y.

CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH, vol.32, no.2, pp.227-232, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0008-8846(01)00661-5
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.227-232
  • Keywords: compressive strength, expansion, setting time, microstructure, tincal ore waste, COMBUSTION BY-PRODUCTS, SETTING TIMES, CONCRETE, BOROGYPSUM, ADDITIVES
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


The possibility of using tineal ore waste (TW), coal bottom ash (BA), and fly ash (FA) as partial replacement in concrete was examined through a number of tests. The properties examined include setting time, compressive strength, mortar expansion, water consistency of mortar, and microstructure. The results showed that compressive strength of all specimens containing I wt.% of TW was higher than that of the control at the 28th day of curing. At 90 days, the contribution to strength by BA + TW and FA + TW was higher than in the concrete-prepared equivalent TW beyond 3 wt.% of Portland cement (PC) replacement. With the replacement of 3-5 wt.% of PC by TW, the compressive strength of the concrete decreased compared to control concrete. However, the values obtained are within the limit of Turkish Standards (TS). Adding BA or FA with TW improved the performance relative to TW replacement only. Increasing replacement of TW gives rise to a higher setting time. As a result. TW, BA, and FA samples may be used as cementitious materials. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.