DEVELOPMENT OF THE GIS-BASED PROPOSALS FOR OPEN AND GREEN SPACES THE CASE OF BURSA CITY (TURKEY)


ENDER ALTAY E. , USLU C.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, vol.30, no.11A, pp.12646-12658, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 11A
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN
  • Page Numbers: pp.12646-12658
  • Keywords: Bursa (Turkey), Geographical information system, Green space planning, Open and green spaces, Sustainable development

Abstract

Rapid urbanization and environmental problems have increased the importance of urban open and green space planning. In this study, the equilibrium of the distribution of open and green spaces in the city, their competencies, and accessibility about the distance to the user have been indexed and these criteria have been transformed into a common (index) value for the city of Bursa (Turkey). Steps of the method are; determining the presence of open and green space on the neighborhood level on the Bursa urban area, indexing of area size, per capita value, and accessibility as a joint unit, transforming reached findings to GIS-based equal index curves map that identifies open space and green space opportunities. As a result, the ratio of indexed opportunities open and green spaces to the Bursa urban area is 13.74% very good, 28.76% good, 23.32% medium, 15.52% restricted, and 18.56% very restricted. According to open and green spaces types in Bursa, children's playgrounds are the most equipped facilities. This paper provides considerations for urban open and green space planning and improving the current situation in cities for sustainable development. The developed method can be evaluated in different regions and can support the development of cities.