Optimizing Seed Germination and Seedling Growth in Different Kiwifruit Genotypes

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Maghdouri M., Ghasemnezhad M., Rabiei B., Golmohammadi M., Atak A.

HORTICULTURAE, vol.7, no.9, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/horticulturae7090314
  • Journal Name: HORTICULTURAE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Actinidia spp, cold stratification, dormancy, seed germination, soilless medium, YIELD, L.
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


The presence of dormant embryos in seeds and nonuniformity in seedling growth are the main limiting factors for kiwifruit propagation. Studies on the germination of hybrid genotypes are limited, especially at different ploidy levels. Low germination percentages and nonuniformity in seedling growth are two of the limiting factors of kiwifruit breeding, especially new and imported germplasm. The effect of cold moist stratification and growing substances on seed germination and seedling growth, respectively, on different kiwifruit seed populations were evaluated in this study. The effect of cold moist stratification (3, 4 and 5 weeks at 4 degrees C) and growing substrate composition (peat, perlite and coco peat) on seed germination and seedling growth of different Actinidia genotypes were assessed. In general, increasing stratification period duration often increased germination speed and uniformity. It was also found that increasing the ratio of peat moss improved the vegetative growth parameters of all kiwifruit seedlings. Stratification treatment, light and temperature fluctuation and consequently suitable substrate can accelerate and increase the production of seedlings and reduce seedling losses. It was also found that peat-perlite (1:1) medium was the best medium for kiwifruit seedling growth.