XVI. European Congress of Psychology (ECP), Moscow, Russia, 2 - 05 July 2019, pp.1152
Migration may result various levels of adaptation. Research has focused on stressors with a negative impact on adaptation; thus group of migrants that maintain their new lives with good psychological functioning have been dismissed. It is obvious that, certain protective factors do facilitate positive adaptation and functioning in the face of acculturation process. The purpose of this study is to expand understanding of the protective factors of migrant women’s positive psychological adaptation to the host environment. In order to reach that goal we tested a hybrid model that is a combination of Acculturation (Berry, 1987) and Resilience (Ungar, 2011) Theories. The current study offers a hypothesized model that proposes direct effects between individual protective factors and migrant women’s psychological functioning as well as indirect effects through contextual protective factors. This two-level protective factor model includes; women’s education level, socioeconomic status, immigration decision, perceived cultural distance, and psychological resilience as individual level variables; and the perceived social support and psychological functioning of the family as contextual variables. The participants are 215 women (ages ranging from 20-60) who migrated to three metropolitans of Turkey. Testing our hypotheses through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) showed an acceptable fit for the theoretical model (χ2/df=1.59, p<.000, GFI=.92, CFI=.94, RMSEA=.05). The results demonstrated that socioeconomic status (β=.17, p<.05), immigration decision (β=.17, p<.05) psychological resilience (β=.22, p<.005), social support (β =.35, p<.005) and psychological functioning of the family (β=.15, p<.05) directly predicted psychological functioning of migrant women. Moreover, women’s education level (β=.07, p<.05) and psychological resilience (β=.02, p<.05) contributed to psychological adaptation through psychological functioning of the family indirectly. Additionally, women’s socioeconomic status (β=.10, p<.005) and psychological resilience (β=.10, p<.005) also contributed to the psychological adaptation through social support indirectly. Findings indicate that personal factors do enhance psychological adaptation of migrant women through contextual pathways. Interventions that facilitate protective factors within family and the neighborhood may support positive adaptation of migrant women.