In this experimental study, it is investigated comparatively the effect on abrasion resistance of the presence of chenille and flock yarns, as weft yarn in the structure of woven fabrics. Fabrics under study were produced with varying weft densities and weave types. Chenille yarns are produced with different twist levels on a chenille yarn machine. Flock yarns are produced with polyester core yarn covered with adhesive and with polyester pile fibers glued to the core yam. According to the results, fabrics with high weft density and low float length have less mass loss values after abrasion test. The fabrics manufactured with flock type yams have a higher abrasion resistance than the chenille type of yarns Chenille yarns with high twist levels bring about an improvement in abrasion resistance of fabrics.