Experimental Analysis of Cutting Forces and Finite Element Simulation in Milling Operations

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Işık Y., Öztürk E.

International Journal of Mechanical Engineering, vol.8, no.11, pp.1-7, 2021 (Scopus)


In this study, the effects of cutting parameters on cutting forces were investigated experimentally in machining. Experiments were carried out by drilling holes with a TiAIN-coated hard carbide cutting tool using a finger milling machine on a CNC vertical machining center. Drilling was performed with AISI 140 as the workpiece material. During the cutting tests, the depth of cut was kept constant at 1 mm and three cutting speeds (100, 120, and 150 m/min) and four different feed rates (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 mm/rev) were used. A Kistler 9333-A force sensor was used to measure the cutting force on the horizontal axis during the machining process. The variation of the cutting force values depending on the cutting parameters was analyzed graphically. The effects of the cutting force values obtained from the experiments on the tools were determined using ANSYS software, and the total deformation and vonMises stresses at the tooltips were compared.