Effect of Plasma Nitriding Parameters on the Wear Behaviour of AISI D6 Tool Steel

Korkmaz E. E. , Bayram A., ERTAN R., YAVUZ N.

MATERIALS TESTING, vol.55, no.6, pp.455-461, 2013 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.3139/120.110462
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.455-461


In the present investigation, the effects of plasma nitriding pressure and time on the structural and tribological characterization of AISI D6 grade cold work tool steel were studied. DC glow discharge plasma nitriding process under NH3 gas was performed at temperatures of 500 degrees C and at pressures of 150 Pa, 450 Pa and 800 Pa for durations of 2 h, 7 h and 10 h. The mass loss and the coefficient of friction were measured using a ball-on-disc wear test with 1.668 N, 4.143 N, and 9.113 N test loads. Cross-section and surface characterizations were evaluated using optical microscopy, SEM, and microhardness test techniques. The surface microhardness was found to increase with the nitriding time and the pressure. The wear resistance of the specimen strongly depends on the nitriding parameters and the applied test load in determining whether a plastic deformation of the surface layer has occurred or not.