Forming evolution of titanium grade2 sheets

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TEKİN M., ERTAN R., Özgül H. G.

Materialpruefung/Materials Testing, vol.64, no.1, pp.116-124, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/mt-2021-2004
  • Journal Name: Materialpruefung/Materials Testing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.116-124
  • Keywords: hot forming, mechanical properties, microstructure, springback, titanium, COMMERCIALLY PURE TITANIUM, SPRINGBACK, BEHAVIOR
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Titanium and its alloys take attention, especially in aerospace, automotive, and biomedical applications because of their strength, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. Titanium components, in general, are produced by sheet metal forming. However, the springback effect is a critical problem in the forming process due to difficult formability of titanium sheets. In the present study, the hot forming process was applied to sheets to investigate the effect of deformation temperature on microstructure, mechanical properties, and springback behavior of commercially pure grade 2 titanium sheets. The springback angles were measured at the CAD model after the sheets were scanned by the 3D scanner. The tensile test, hardness measurements, and microstructural analysis were examined by using specimens that were cut from the sidewall and the bottom of the deformed sheet as U-profile. The results reveal that the microstructure is substantially changed, and the springback is reduced with increasing temperature; thus, optimum results were obtained compared to the data obtained at room temperature.