The reclamation of municipal effluent for irrigation by a pilot-scale advanced treatment plant

Talipoglu Z., AKAL SOLMAZ S. K., ÜSTÜN G. E.

DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT, vol.52, pp.5317-5326, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/19443994.2013.806226
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.5317-5326
  • Keywords: Advanced treatment, Agricultural irrigation, Municipal effluent, Reclamation, WASTE-WATER RECLAMATION, TERTIARY FILTRATION, DISINFECTION, REUSE, SAND, REMOVAL, QUALITY
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


This study concerns about the reclamation of municipal effluent for agricultural irrigation by the application of a pilot-scale advanced treatment plant capable of rapid sand filter and disinfection. The rapid sand filter significantly reduced suspended solids and turbidity. Average reductions in these parameters 76 and 62%, respectively, were achieved. The percentage removals of chemical oxygen demand and biological oxygen demand by the rapid sand filter were 32 and 55%, respectively. The amounts of heavy metals in the rapid sand filter effluent were below the national and international standards. The pilot-scale advanced treatment plant eliminated almost the 100% of fecal coliforms. Hence, the treatment costs of the pilotscale advanced treatment plant were calculated approximately US $0.063/m(3). These results showed that the pilot-scale advanced treatment plant provided a low-cost water source which can be used for agricultural irrigation.