Melatonin protects sperm cells of Capoeta trutta from toxicity of titanium dioxide nanoparticles

Ozgur M. E., Ulu A., Noma S. A. A., Ozcan I., Balcioglu S., ATEŞ B., ...More

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, vol.27, no.15, pp.17843-17853, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 15
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11356-020-08273-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, IBZ Online, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, MEDLINE, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.17843-17853
  • Keywords: Melatonin, TiO2 nanoparticles, Sperm cells velocities, Capoeta trutta, Oxidative stress indices, TIO2 NANOPARTICLES, OXIDATIVE STRESS, QUALITY, GENOTOXICITY, EXPOSURE, MOTILITY, ACID
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


In this study, it was aimed to determine the protective effects of melatonin (0.01, 0.1, and 1 mM) against 10 mg/L titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) on kinematic and oxidative indices in the sperm cells of Capoeta trutta. Therefore, TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized primarily within the scope of the study. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by structurally different techniques. Then, melatonin and TiO2 were applied to Capoeta trutta sperm cells by in vitro. According to our data, all doses of melatonin showed protective effects on all velocities of sperm cells such as the straight line velocity (VSL), the curvilinear velocity (VCL), and the angular path velocity (VAP) against TiO2-NPs, while 0.1 and 1 mM doses of melatonin improved the VSL value. Although TiO2-NPs increased total glutathione (tGSH), malondialdehyde (MDA) lipid peroxidation, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) compared to the control group, there were positive treatment effects for all doses of melatonin on antioxidant capacity of sperm cells. At the end of this research, it is suggested that over 0.1 mM dose of melatonin improves the velocity of sperm cells and it plays a protective role against the toxic effects of TiO2-NPs.