Improving magnetocaloric properties of Fe68-xCrxTb5B23Nb4 (x=0, 2, 4, 6 and 8) metallic glasses having high glass-forming ability with tunable Curie temperature

Civan E., Sarlar K., KÜÇÜK İ.

PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, vol.97, no.18, pp.1464-1478, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 97 Issue: 18
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14786435.2017.1303578
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1464-1478
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


The impacts of adding Cr on the Curie temperature (T-C), glass-forming ability (GFA), and magnetocaloric effect were studied in Fe68-xCrxTb5B23Nb4 (x = 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8) metallic glasses prepared by suction casting. GFA depends on Cr content in the composition. For Fe68-xCrxTb5B23Nb4 bulk metallic glasses (BMGs), with critical diameters up to similar to 3 mm can be produced by suction casting and maximum value of GFA was found for x = 6. By exchanging Cr with Fe partially, T-C could effectively be adjusted in a quite broad temperature interval from 487 K for x = 0 to 267 K for x = 8, whereas maximum magnetic entropy change decreased from 1.16 to 0.53 Jkg(-1) K-1 and refrigeration capacity (RC) changed from 116 to 45.05 J/kg under a low field change of 2 T. Though T-C is shifted to room temperature, maximum magnetic entropy change and RC decreased almost half of the base alloy. To enhance these properties (Fe0.62Cr0.06Tb0.05B0.23Nb0.04)(100-y)Cu-y (y = 0.75, 1), metallic glasses are prepared. By the help of small addition of Cu, magnetocaloric properties can be effectively increased without changing the T-C. These findings show that the successful synthesis of the Fe-based Fe62Cr6Tb5B23Nb4 and (Fe0.62Cr0.06Tb0.05B0.23Nb0.04)(100-y)Cu-y (y = 0.75, 1) BMGs near room temperature, could be considered as promising candidates as magnetic refrigerant materials.