First occurrence and whole-genome comparison of <i>Pseudomonas haemolytica</i> isolated in farmed rainbow trout

Satıcıoğlu İ. B., Mulet ., Duman M., Altun S., Gomila M., Lalucat ., ...More

AQUACULTURE RESEARCH, vol.53, no.12, pp.4472-4486, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/are.15944
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.4472-4486
  • Keywords: antimicrobial resistance, aquaculture, comparative genomics, virulence genes, zoonosis, SECRETION SYSTEM, MAXIMUM-LIKELIHOOD, BIOFILM FORMATION, II SECRETION, GROWTH, TEMPERATURE, NOV.
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


The isolation of Pseudomonas haemolytica from different habitats as well as its distribution over a wide geographical area, possible reservoir role for antibiotic resistance and zoonotic potential, all require the detailed characterization of P. haemolytica strains. In the present study, we describe 18 phenotypically similar strains isolated from the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792). The strains were collected from seemingly healthy, symptomatic or moribund rainbow trout of all sizes, from fry to broodstock. The strains were morphologically, phenotypically (API20 NE and VITEK 2) and chemotaxonomically characterized by their methyl-fatty acid content (FAME), and mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) by their protein profiles. The 16S rRNA sequence similarity values grouped them into the Pseudomonas fluorescens phylogenetic group of species. The 18 strains were compared to 6 other previously described P. haemolytica strains, 2 of which were isolated from milk products and 4 from chicken products. A multilocus sequence analysis was performed for all strains. Strain P45 was selected to represent the 18 new isolates for genomic comparisons by ANIb, and GGDC was used to confirm the identification at species level. The presence of genes related to antimicrobial resistance, secretion systems and virulence was also assessed using comparative genomic analyses. This is the first comprehensive report on P. haemolytica strains isolated from fish.