Evaluation of Bursa metropolitan greenhouse Gas inventory and reduction targets

Mutlu V., Cindoruk Y. O. , CİNDORUK S. S.

Urban Climate, vol.34, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.uclim.2020.100717
  • Title of Journal : Urban Climate
  • Keywords: Green house gases, Urban emissions, Inventory, CO2 control plans, MITIGATION STRATEGIES, EMISSIONS, MANAGEMENT, IMPACTS, WASTE, LEVEL, CITY


© 2020 Elsevier B.V.This study summarizes the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission levels and Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP) of Bursa, where is an industrial, touristic, and historic metropolitan city with a dense population in Turkey. This study summarized direct (scope 1), indirect (scope 2), and other indirect (scope 3) GHG emissions. Urban GHG emissions including scope 1, 2, and 3 activities were determined as 14,148,597 tCO2e for 2016. Industrial fuel consumption, transportation, and residential heating activities were the main sources. GHG emission control sectors were determined according to the last consecutive workshops in 2017. Control actions, such as Energy efficiency/renewable energy applications in residential and commercial buildings, increasing the share of public transport in transportation, and reducing the number of private vehicles in traffic, were planned. Future projections for 2030 were estimated with and without reduction activities. Sectors (industry, agriculture, and animal husbandry) which are not within the jurisdiction of local governments or which cannot be intervened by local governments were excluded. It showed that with the mitigation measures to be implemented. Public transport problems, renewable energy conversion, and reduction of the green texture of the city are the main obstacles.