EUROPEAN BIOPHYSICS JOURNAL WITH BIOPHYSICS LETTERS, vol.50, no.5, pp.771-785, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
A novel water soluble ternary copper(ii) complex,-[Cu-2(phen)(2)(3-IAA)(2)(H2O)](ClO4)(2)center dot H2O-(phen: 1,10-phenanthroline, 3-IAA: 3-indoleacetic acid), has been synthesized and characterized by elemental CHN analysis, ESI-TOF, FTIR and single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. Interaction of the complex with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) has been investigated by absorption spectral titration, ethidium bromide (EB) and Hoechst 33258 displacement assay. The interactions between the complex and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were investigated by electronic absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy methods. The experimental results indicate that the fluorescence quenching mechanism between the complex and BSA is a static quenching process. The Stern-Volmer constants, binding constants, binding sites and the corresponding thermodynamic parameters (Delta G, Delta H, Delta S) of BSA + complex systems were determined at different temperatures. The binding distance between the complex and BSA was calculated according to Forster non-radiation energy transfer theory (FRET). The effect of the complex on the conformation of BSA was also examined using synchronous, two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) fluorescence spectroscopy. Furthermore, the oxygen radical scavenging activity of the complex was determined in terms of IC50, using the DPPH and H2O2 method, to show that it particularly enables electron loss from radical species. This study highlights the importance of indole and moieties in the development of antioxidant agents.