Use of conventional indirect strategies in requests by Turkish EFL learners

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Karatepe Ç., Ünal F.

in: Educational Sciences Research Papers, Baki,M. Ağır,S. M, Editor, Gece Akademi, Ankara, pp.23-46, 2019

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Publisher: Gece Akademi
  • City: Ankara
  • Page Numbers: pp.23-46
  • Editors: Baki,M. Ağır,S. M, Editor
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Over the last three decades, the literature on L2 prag-matics has presented many studies on both pragmatic competence and how to improve pragmatic competence in EFL contexts (Taguchi 2011 and 2015). Taguchi (2015) described pragmatic competence as follows: “Pragmat-ic competence refers to one’s knowledge of linguistics, norms and social conventions, and one’s ability to use these knowledge bases in a socially-bound interaction.” (p.1).


Traditional language teaching is generally based on grammar-focused instruction. That is, it mainly focuses on-forms, which is more systematic. Presenting language in this way seems more accessible for learners because most of the time there is a one-to-one correspondence between rules and forms. However, knowledge of prag-matics involves functions of language. Taguchi (2015) ex-plained why learners have to deal with many difficulties when learning to use features of pragmatics: