The Performance of Some Walnut (J.regia) Cultivars in Bursa Conditions, Turkey

Ahı Koşar D., Koşar M. B., Utku Ö., Mert C., Ertürk U.

TARIM BILIMLERI DERGISI, vol.29, no.2, pp.589-603, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.15832/ankutbd.1089365
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.589-603
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


The present study aimed to evaluate the pomological and phenological traits, as well as yield potential and incidence of external defects of some domestic ('Bilecik,' 'Maraş 12', 'Maraş 18', 'Şebin,' 'Şen1') and foreign walnut cultivars ('Chandler,' 'Fernette,' 'Fernor,' 'Howard,' 'Pedro,' 'Serr') grown in Bursa (northwest in Turkey) conditions in 2014-2020. The first leafing was observed in Maraş 12, Serr, Şebin, and Maraş 18 cultivars, while Fernette and Fernor were the last leafing cultivars. The female blooming period of the cultivars was recorded the longest in Maraş 18 (15 days), and Şebin (16 days) was the shortest in Bilecik and Serr (10 days). The male flower blooming period was recorded the longest in Chandler, Fernette, Bilecik, and Şebin (16-18 days) and was the shortest in Maraş 12 and Serr (10 days). The average yield per tree of cultivars ranged between 1.87 kg (Şebin) and 14.21 kg (Pedro). Walnut blight was observed on average 15.85%, sunburn in 10.21%, codling moth in 5.11%, anthracnose in 3.23%, and bird damage in 2.35% of the fruits. The sound nut percent ranged from 40.06% (Şen 1) to 76.50% (Chandler). The nut weight of cultivars was between 9.91 g (Maraş 12) and 16.27 g (Şen 1). Kernel percent varied from 36.31% (Şen 1) to 53.56% (Maraş 12). The principal component analysis conducted to distinguish the cultivars suggests that the most important factors could be reduced to five components. The results showed that Maraş 12, Chandler, Fernor, and Howard were suitable cultivars for commercial cultivation in Bursa conditions.