Low kilovolt "prospective ECG-triggering" vs. "retrospective ECG-gating" coronary CTA: comparison of image quality and radiation dose


Gokalp G.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION RESEARCH, vol.17, no.2, pp.209-216, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.18869/acadpub.ijrr.17.2.209
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.209-216

Abstract

Background: To compare image quality and radiation doses of low kilovolt (kV) "prospective ECG-triggering" (PT) and standard "retrospective ECG-gating' (RG) coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography. Materials and Methods: A total of 101 consecutive patients (76 males, 25 females; mean age: 55.44 +/- 8.28 years) with low-to-intermediate risk status for coronary artery disease and with a body mass index (BMI) of <30 kg/m(2) were prospectively included in the study. The images were acquired with a 64-detector (128-slice) CT using the tube current modulation technique. The PT CT technique (100 kV, heart rate [HR]<70) was applied in 59 patients, while the RG CT technique (120 kV, HR >= 70-90) was applied in 42 patients. The study was approved by the ethics committee. All patients provided informed written consent. Results: No significant difference was found between age, sex and BMI of both groups (p > 0.05). The mean image quality score was 2.87 +/- 0.25 for the low kV PT CT technique and 2.73 +/- 0.31 for the RG CT technique, which was statistically significant (p < 0.05). No statistically significant difference was found between groups for signal-noise and contrast-noise ratios (p > 0.05). The mean effective dose was 1.43 +/- 0.3 mSv for low kV PT CT technique and 8.20 +/- 2.36 mSv for the RG CT technique (p < 0.001). Conclusion: In the low kV PT CT technique, the radiation dose is significantly reduced without loss of image quality. This technique can reliably be used in patients with BMI<30 kg/m(2) and HR less than 70 bpm.