Seroprevalence of malignant catarrhal fever-related gammaherpesviruses in domestic ruminants in Turkey

Yesilbag K.

TROPICAL ANIMAL HEALTH AND PRODUCTION, vol.39, no.5, pp.363-368, 2007 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11250-007-9024-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.363-368


The prevalence of malignant catarrhal fever ( MCF) virus infection in cattle, sheep and goat populations and also the prevalence of recovered and chronic MCF cases in north-western Turkey are reported. A total of 600 animals, 200 individuals of each species, located in four provinces were sampled between December 2003 and July 2005. A monoclonal antibody-based competitive inhibition ( ci) ELISA were used to detect infection status of the animals. Detected antibody prevalence was 97.5%, 96.0% and 15.0% in sheep, goats and cattle, respectively. These results showed that MCF related gammaherpesvirus infections are common in north-western Turkey. There was no significant difference between prevalences detected in sheep and goats, as well as various breeds of these species. There was also no significant difference among locations. Results of this study show that sheep and goats may equally be important in the epidemiology of MCF in Turkey. Seropositivity against MCF agents among cattle was 15.0%. The results indicate that MCF infections may be maintained in intensively managed cattle herds having no close contact with small ruminants.