Steganalysis based on image quality metrics

Avcibas I., Memon N., Sankur B.

4th IEEE Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (MMSP 01), Cannes, France, 3 - 05 October 2001, pp.517-522 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/mmsp.2001.962785
  • City: Cannes
  • Country: France
  • Page Numbers: pp.517-522
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: No


In this paper, we present techniques for steganalysis of images that have been potentially subjected to a watermarking algorithm. We show that watermarking schemes leave statistical evidence or structure that can be exploited for detection with the aid of proper selection of image features and multivariate regression analysis. We use some image quality metrics as the feature set to distinguish between watermarked and unwatermarked images and furthermore distinguish between different watermarking techniques. To Identify specific quality measures that provide the best discriminative power, we use analysis of variance (ANOVA) techniques. Multivariate regression analysis Is then used on the selected quality metrics to build an optimal classifier using a set of test images and their blurred versions. Simulation results with a specific feature set and some well-known and publicly available watermarking techniques indicate that our approach is able to accurately distinguish with high accuracy between images marked by different watermarking techniques.