The role of fungal volatile organic compounds (FVOCs) in biological control

Şahin Y. S.

Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi, vol.12, no.1, pp.79-92, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.79-92
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Organisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses and nematodes cause yield and quality loss in agricultural production. The control of fungal pathogens is especially challenging. The chemical pesticides used in the control of these pathogens are not environmentally friendly, which increases the importance of alternative methods such as the use of biopesticides. Biopesticides, which in relative terms are not harmful to human health and the environment, are generally secondary metabolites from plants, viruses, bacteria and fungi. Fungi produce various mixtures of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). More than 300 different fungal VOCs, including aldehydes, alcohols, benzene derivatives, phenols, heterocycles, hydrocarbons, ketones, cyclohexanes, thioesters and thioalcohols, have been described. The use of fungal VOCs against plant pathogens potentially provides an ecofriendly alternative to the use of chemical pesticides. Research has shown that fungal VOCs can be used effectively as inhibitory or repellent biopesticides against plant pathogens and insect pests. In this review, the potential uses of fungal VOCs against different plant diseases and pests as substitutes for chemical pesticides within the scope of biological control, are summarized.