The effect of using a whey protein fat replacer on textural and sensory characteristics of low-fat vanilla ice cream

Yilsay T., Yilmaz L., Bayizit A.

EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.222, pp.171-175, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 222
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00217-005-0018-x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.171-175
  • Keywords: ice cream, texture, fat replacer, milk fat, MILK-FAT, PHYSICAL-PROPERTIES, EMULSIONS, FLAVOR, SUGAR
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this research was to evaluate the texture of regular (12%), low fat (6%), and fat-free vanilla (0.5%) ice creams by sensory and instrumental analyses. The low fat and fat free ice cream were prepared using a whey protein based fat replacer (Simplesse (R) 100) as the fat replacement ingredient. Two processing trials with continuous commercial-like process conditions were undertaken. Sensory analyses disclosed that ice creams containing 6% of fat replacer in place of or with milk fat had no demonstrable effect on vanillin flavour. While the sensory attributes of the low fat samples were comparable to the regular vanilla ice cream, the trained sensory panel rated the fat free ice cream to have lower viscosity, smoothness and mouth coating properties. Instrumentally determined apparent viscosity data supported the sensory data. Compared with the fat replacer, milk fat significantly increased the fresh milk and cream flavours of the ice cream. Results emphasized the importance of fat as a flavour modifier and the improvement of texture by addition of Simplesse (R) 100.