Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) complements conventional methods used to differentiate intracranial cystic lesions. We report MRS findings of three cases that were diagnosed as pyogenic, tuberculous, and Cryptococcus abscesses before instituting any medical or surgical therapy. The pyogenic brain abscess had typical specific spectral findings (i.e., the demonstration of amino acids). Lactate and lipid peaks were visible in the tuberculous abscess. Cryptococcus neoformans can appear differently in different brain regions, which may lead to different spectral findings.