Activation-Induced Cytidine Deaminase Expression in Human B Cell Precursors Is Essential for Central B Cell Tolerance


Cantaert T., Schickel J., Bannock J. M. , Ng Y., Massad C., Oe T., ...More

IMMUNITY, vol.43, no.5, pp.884-895, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.immuni.2015.10.002
  • Journal Name: IMMUNITY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.884-895

Abstract

Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), the enzyme- mediating class-switch recombination (CSR) and somatic hypermutation (SHM) of immunoglobulin genes, is essential for the removal of developing autoreactive B cells. How AID mediates central B cell tolerance remains unknown. We report that AID enzymes were produced in a discrete population of immature B cells that expressed recombination-activating gene 2 (RAG2), suggesting that they undergo secondary recombination to edit autoreactive antibodies. However, most AID(+) immature B cells lacked anti-apoptotic MCL-1 and were deleted by apoptosis. AID inhibition using lentiviral-encoded short hairpin (sh)RNA in B cells developing in humanized mice resulted in a failure to remove autoreactive clones. Hence, B cell intrinsic AID expression mediates central B cell tolerance potentially through its RAG-coupled genotoxic activity in self-reactive immature B cells.