Workplace Violence: A Study of Turkish Workers

Aytaç S. S., Bozkurt V., Bayram Arlı N., Yildiz S., Aytaç S. S., Akinci F. S., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND ERGONOMICS, vol.17, no.4, pp.385-402, 2011 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10803548.2011.11076902
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.385-402
  • Keywords: workplace violence, physical violence, psychological violence, Turkey, HEALTH-CARE WORKERS, WORKING, NURSES, RISK
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being. Data were collected anonymously with printed questionnaires from the volunteer participants and depended on self-reporting. The response rate was 79.0% (1708/2161). The prevalence of workplace violence was found to be 44.8%. The most common type was verbal violence together with mobbing (bullying). Victims of physical violence were mostly males, whereas females were found to be victims of verbal, psychological and sexual violence. Most cases did not result in legal action and the victims remained silent. Psychological well-being of exposed workers in terms of depression, anxiety and stress seemed to deteriorate. Workplace violence remains a silent epidemic in Turkey. Preventive measures against workplace violence and social support for violated workers do not exist.