This study aimed to evaluate an instructional activity designed for providing preservice teachers with the mathematical literacy questions choosing and writing skills. The study was conducted with the mathematics group students of the pedagogical formation program. The data for creating the content of the instruction was obtained from the PISA applications and the related literature. The data for developing the instruction was obtained from the video recordings of the classes during the application process and the data for evaluating the instruction was obtained from the pretests and posttests, observations and interviews. The research findings showed that the preservice teachers were interested in the subject and actively participated in the instructional process. It was observed at the end of the applications that preservice teachers' levels of mathematical literacy awareness increased and their skills of question choosing and writing in the field improved. Furthermore, it was concluded that there were opportunities and challenges confronted by the preservice teachers in the process of question writing. It was accordingly decided that life experiences, topics of limitation or exemplifications through representations such as pictures and videos proved to be opportunities for the preservice teachers. It was recommended that the instruction within the scope of the study would be enhanced and included in the undergraduate programs.