Investigation of bending and drape properties of woven fabrics and the effects of fabric constructional parameters and warp tension on these properties


Sule G.

TEXTILE RESEARCH JOURNAL, vol.82, no.8, pp.810-819, 2012 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 82 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0040517511433152
  • Journal Name: TEXTILE RESEARCH JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.810-819
  • Keywords: Bending, drape, woven fabric, warp crimp, weft crimp, warp tension, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, IMAGE-ANALYSIS, BEHAVIOR

Abstract

In this research, bending and drape properties of woven fabrics and the effect of weft density, weft yarn count and warp tension on these properties were investigated. Higher values were found for bending rigidities of the fabrics woven with thicker weft yarns and at higher weft densities. It was seen that bending rigidities of the fabrics in the warp directions increased as warp tension increased. Bending rigidities in the weft directions did not show any significant change, such as an increase or decrease depending on any change in warp tension. In the case of the fabrics woven with thicker weft yarns, the overall fabric bending rigidity increased as warp tension increased. Considering drape coefficients of the fabrics, it was observed that the drape coefficient increased as the weft density increased and weft yarn became thicker. The drape coefficient did not significantly vary depending on the variations in the warp tension.