Value orientations of Turkish teachers and Schwartz's theory of values running head: Values


Kusdil M. E. , Kagitcibasi C.

TURK PSIKOLOJI DERGISI, vol.15, no.45, pp.59-80, 2000 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 45
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Title of Journal : TURK PSIKOLOJI DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.59-80
  • Keywords: values, Schwartz value survey, religiosity, family change, individualism-collectivism, UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS, VALUE PRIORITIES, CULTURE

Abstract

In the present study, Schwartz's Value Survey was applied to 183 Turkish teachers with four additional values. The multidimensional space analysis showed that the additional values emerged in expected value types ("chastity in woman" and "superiority of men" in tradition; "hospitality" in conformity/security and "secularism" in universalism/self-direction), exhibiting a structure similar to the one proposed in Schwartz's theory of values. Teachers" value orientations were examined by dividing the sample into nuclear/extended family preference and high/low religious orientation,groups. The findings showed that the subjects who preferred nuclear family gave higher ratings to Openness to Change values whereas the subjects in extended family group rated Conservation values higher than the other group. These groups did not differ significantly in their ratings of Self-Transcendence and Self-Enhancement values. The comparisons between high and low religiosity groups showed that low religiosity group gave higher ratings to Openness to Change values and lower ratings to Conservation values than did high religiosity group. In Self-Transcendence values, the ratings of these groups differed only in universalism value type; low religiosity group rated these values significantly higher than did high religiosity group. The ratings of these groups did not differ in Self-Enhancement values. The findings were discussed in relation to Kagitcibasi's family change model and individualism-collectivism concepts.