Effect of the sonication and coating time on the photocatalytic degradation of TiO2, TiO2-Ag, and TiO2-ZnO thin film photocatalysts


CHEMICAL ENGINEERING COMMUNICATIONS, vol.207, no.7, pp.896-903, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 207 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00986445.2019.1630395
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.896-903
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes


Today, the ultrasound utilizing for material synthesis has been extensively investigated. The unusual acoustic cavitation phenomenon caused by ultrasonic waves has created a new world for the production of high efficiency photocatalysts with new structures. In this study, TiO2, TiO2-Ag, and TiO2-ZnO thin film photocatalysts were prepared using titanium isopropoxide Ti[OCH(CH3)(2)](4), zinc acetate dehydrates (CH3COO)(2)Zn center dot 2H(2)O, and silver nitrate AgNO3 by a sol-gel method under the ultrasonic irradiation. The prepared photocatalysts were characterized by UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive spectroscopy. The SEM images showed that the Ag and ZnO particles were evenly dispersed in the photocatalysts due to the ultrasonic irradiation, and Ag particles were approximately 90 nm, which is relatively small compared to the photocatalysts which is not treated with ultrasonic irradiation. The catalytic activity of the photocatalysts was determined using Acid Red 27 dye. The most excellent catalytic degradation was obtained with TiO2-ZnO thin film photocatalyst. In comparison to the conventional photocatalyst, the efficiency of photocatalytic activity of the photocatalyst produced under ultrasonication has been increased due to the reduced size of Ag and ZnO and its uniform dispersion.