Determination of nitrogen pollution amount from livestock breeding in Turkey


Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, vol.11, no.4, pp.1250-1257, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Nitrogen (N) pollution is gradually increasing from agriculture production. Nitrogen pollution derived from agriculture has important components using overuse chemical fertilizers, excess amount formation of manure and incorrect manure management systems etc. Nitrogen compounds that take up with the soil, water and air with the nitrogen cycle cause various environmental problems. It is a critical issue that needs to be studied on, as the efficiency and production decrease will be encountered by decreasing the nitrogen rate in reducing nitrogen pollution. In this paper, the estimation of nitrogen pollution derived from livestock production in Turkey and aimed need to focus points to be considered. The nitrogen pollution load created by farm animals in 2019 is 1 062 004 tons N/year and 834 381 tons N/year in 2020 in Turkey. Cattle are the animal species that have the greatest effect on nitrogen excretion. Because the daily manure production amounts are higher than other types, and the moisture content is high. Therefore, processing and control are more difficult than other species. The integrated approach is needed to reduce elementary nitrogen formation due to the gradual formation of nitrogen from agricultural systems and intensive agriculture areas.