ASSOCIATION OF SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISMS IN THE FABP4 GENE WITH CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS AND MEAT QUALITY IN HOLSTEIN BULLS


Ardıçlı S., Şamlı H., Alpay F., Dinçel D., Soyudal B., Balci F.

ANNALS OF ANIMAL SCIENCE, vol.17, no.1, pp.117-130, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/aoas-2016-0045
  • Journal Name: ANNALS OF ANIMAL SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.117-130
  • Keywords: FABP4, gene polymorphism, carcass characteristics, meat quality, Holstein, FAT DEPOSITION, BEEF, IDENTIFICATION, TRAITS, DGAT1
  • Bursa Uludag University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study was to characterize the bovine fatty acid binding protein (FABP4) gene 3691G > A and 2834C > G polymorphisms and to evaluate interaction effects on the live weight, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Holstein bulls in the South Marmara region of Turkey. A total of 400 Holstein bulls grown on a private farm and slaughtered at 14-21 months of age, were randomly selected for use in this study. Initially, genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP method and statistical analysis was carried out using least square methods of the GLM procedure. A SNP located in intron 1 (2834C > G) was associated with desirable increases in live weight, hot carcass weight and chilled carcass weight, and a SNP located in exon 3 (3691G > A) was associated with significant increases in marbling scores and first compressive stress point of the longissimus dorsi muscle (P < 0.05). The interaction analysis of the 3691G > A and the 2834C > G polymorphisms revealed significant effects for hot carcass weight, chilled carcass weight and backfat thickness (P < 0.05). There were no significant associations between the SNPs and carcass measurements. Results indicated that the FABP4 3691G > A and 2834C > G polymorphisms and the 3691G > A and 2834C > G interactions can be used as selection parameters in breeding programmes to improve meat yield and carcass characteristics.